2001 Fall Technical Meeting, Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute

December 3-5, 2001, Hilton Oceanfront Resort in Hilton Head, South Carolina

Schedule of Sessions and Papers

Monday, December 3, 2001 — Morning Sessions

8:15 AM – Welcome Remarks.

8:30 AM – I. Invited Speaker: "Cold Controlled Combustion in Fuel Cells", Ravindra Datta, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Session A-1: Emissions and Novel Combustion Systems
Chair: J.S. Cowart, University of Connecticut

9:30 1. "Nitric Oxide Formation during Diffusion Flame / Vortex Interaction," V. S. Santoro, D. C. Kyritsis, M. D. Smooke, A. Gomez, Yale University.

9:50 2. "Destruction of NOx in Hydrocarbon Combustion Products Using Low-Temperature Plasmas," J. C. Leylegian, J. S. Tyll, W. Chinitz, Allied Aerospace Industries, Inc.

10:10 Break.

10:30 3. "An Integrated Technique to Reduce SO2, NOx, and Particulate Emissions from Commercial Power Plants,"
A. Ergut, Northeastern University, Y. A. Levendis, Northeastern University, G. A. Simons, Simons Research Associates.

10:50 4. "The Use of Unmixed Combustion to Convert Biomass to Fuel Cell Hydrogen," R. K. Lyon, W. Clark, D. D. Schmidt, P. N. Hutton, Energy and Environmental Research Center.

11:10 5. "Modeling of Integral Catalytic Combustion/Steam Reforming of Methane," F. A. Robbins, University of Maryland, H. Zhu, Colorado School of Mines, T. P. McGrath, University of Maryland, G. S. Jackson, University of Maryland.

11:30 6. "Low-Temperature Catalytic Combustion of Hydrogen for Heating Applications," S. A. Reihani, J. F. Kramer, F. A. Robbins, G. S. Jackson, University of Maryland.

11:50 7. "Filtration Combustion of Lean and Ultra-Lean Oxygen-Enriched Air/Methane Mixtures," J. P. Bingue, L. A. Kennedy, A. V. Saveliev, A. A. Fridman, University of Illinois at Chicago.

12:10 Adjourn.

Session B-1: Fire Suppression
Chair: R. Anath, Naval Research Laboratory

9:30 8. "A Computational Study on the Application Strategy of Carbon Dioxide to Extinguish Microgravity Flames," S. R. Prasad, H. Shih, J. S. T’ien, Case Western Reserve University.

9:50 9. "Microgravity Smoldering Combustion Experiments in the Space Shuttle," A. Bar-Ilan, University of California, Berkeley, R. A. Anthenien, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, D. C. Walther, University of California, Berkeley, A. C. Fernandez-Pello, University of California, Berkeley, D. L. Urban, NASA Glenn Research Center.

10:10 Break.

10:30 10. "Water Mist Monitoring in Real-Scale Fire Suppression," R. Anleitner, H. Burchell, A. Maranghides, J. Montgomery, R. S. Sheinson, J. W. Fleming, Naval Research Laboratory.

10:50 11. "Numerical Simulation of Water Mist Mass Flow Effects on Fire Cooling Behavior," K. C. Adiga, ApTech Research Center, H. D. Ladouceur, Naval Research Laboratory.

11:10 12. "Detailed Chemical-Kinetic Modeling of Thermal-Agent Diluted Methane and Propane Flames Near Extinguishment," W. M. Pitts, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

11:30 13. "A Comparison of FDS Predictions to a Wall Fire Experiment," M. Liang, J. Quintiere, University of Maryland.

11:50 14. "Effect of Obstructions on Fire-Suppression for Large Enclosed Fires," D. A. Schwer, Naval Research Laboratory, K. Prasad, National Institute of Standards and Technology, G. Patnaik, Naval Research Laboratory, K. Kailasanath, Naval Research Laboratory.

12:10 Adjourn.

Session C-1: Kinetics: Elementary Processes
Chair: H. Wang, University of Delaware

9:30 15. "Elementary Process in the Combustion of Ammonium Perchlorate. 1. Unimolecular Decomposition of Perchloric Acid and the Related Bimolecular OH + ClO3 and HO2 + ClO2 Reactions," R. S. Zhu, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

9:50 16. "Elementary Processes in the Combustion of Ammonium Percholate. 2. Unimolecular Decomposition of Chloric Acid and its Reverse OH + ClO2 Reaction," Z. Xu, R. Zhu, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

10:10 Break.

10:30 17. "Elementary Processes in the Combustion of Ammonium Perchlorate. 3. Unimolecular Decomposition of ClO3 and its Reverse Bimolecular O + OClO Reaction," R. S. Zhu, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

10:50 18. "Pathways to Perfluoropropene: An MCSCF Investigation," W. H. Kohler, E. R. Ritter, Villanova University.

11:10 19. "Wide Temperature Range Kinetics and CN Violet Chemiluminescence of the C2 + NO Reaction," A. Ristanovic, A. Fontijn, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

11:30 20. "Computational study of the H/CH3 Reactions with NCN," L.V. Moskaleva, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

11:50 21. "Temperature (300 - 1000 K) and Pressure (0.5 - 10 Torr of Helium) Dependence of the Rate Constant for the Methyl Radical (CH3) Recombination Reaction," B. Wang, C. Fockenberg, Brookhaven National Laboratory.

12:10 21A. "A Photoionization-Mass Spectrometric Study of Products for the O(3P) + C3H6 Reaction," R. B. Klemm, R. P. Thorn, Jr., S. Kuo, S. K. Ross, Brookhaven National Laboratory.

12:30 Adjourn.

Monday, December 3, 2001 — Afternoon Sessions

1:30 PM – II. Invited Speaker: "Pulse Detonation Engines - Progress and Challenges," Robert J. Santoro, Pennsylvania State University.

Session A-2: Propellants and Pulse Detonation Engines
Chair: T. Edwards, Wright-Patterson AFB

2:30 22. "On the Performance Estimates of Pulse Detonation Engines-II," K. Kailasanath, G. Patnaik, Naval Research Laboratory.

2:50 23. "A Multidisciplinary Study of Pulse Detonation Engine Propulsion," C. Conrad, J. Watts, S. Y. Lee, S. Saretto, S. Pal, R. J. Santoro, Pennsylvania State University.

3:10 Break.

3:30 24. "Homogenization Issues in the Combustion of Heterogeneous Propellants," M. Chen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, J. Buckmaster, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, T. L. Jackson, Center for the Simulation of Advanced Rockets.

3:50 25. "The Three-Dimensional Combustion of Heterogeneous Propellants," T. L. Jackson, J. Buckmaster, M. Campbell, L. Massa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

4:10 26. "Edge-flame Oscillations in a Rectangular Propellant Crack," Y. Liu, M. Short, University of Illinois.

4:30 27. "Computational and Experimental Study of Ammonium Perchlorate Counterflow Diffusion Flames," M. D. Smooke, Yale University, R. A. Yetter, Pennsylvania State University, T. P. Parr, Naval Air Warfare Center, D. M. Hanson-Parr, Naval Air Warfare Center.

4:50 28. "Characterization of Structure and Combustion Behavior of Metastable Al-Mg Mechanical Alloy Powders," M. Schoenitz, Y. Shoshin, R. Mudryy, E. Dreizin, New Jersey Institute of Technology.

5:10 Adjourn.

5:15 Executive Committee Meeting.

Session B-2: Fires and Flame Spread
Chair: K. Prasad, NIST

2:30 29. "The Glowing and Flaming Auto-Ignition of Wood," N. Boonmee, J. G. Quintiere, University of Maryland.

2:50 30. "Flammability and Flame Spread Characteristics of Cotton/Fiberglass Fabric," J. Kleinhenz, Case Western Reserve University, K. Sacksteder, NASA Glenn Research Center, R. Pettegrew, National Center for Microgravity, P. Ferkul, National Center for Microgravity, J. S. T'ien, Case Western Reserve University.

3:10 Break.

3:30 31. "A Model for Opposed Flow Flame Spread Over Charring Materials," A. Atreya, University of Michigan, H. R. Baum, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

3:50 32. "Boundary-Layer Diffusion Flame Over a PMMA Surface," R. Ananth, Naval Research Laboratory, C. C. Ndubizu, Geo-Centers, Inc., P. A. Tatem, Naval Research Laboratory, G. Patnaik, Naval Research Laboratory, K. Kailasanath, Naval Research Laboratory.

4:10 33. "Stability and Countercurrent Spreading of a Boundary Layer Flame over PMMA under Reduced Oxygen," C. C. Ndubizu, Geo-Centers Inc., R. Ananth, Naval Research Laboratory, P. A. Tatem, Naval Research Laboratory.

4:30 34. "Modeling of the Combustion in Compartment Fires Using Large Eddy Simulation Approach," W. Zhang, N. Ryder, R. Roby, D. Carpenter, Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc.

4:50 35. "Use of the Fire Dynamics Simulator to Predict Smoke Detector Activation," V. T. D'Souza, J. A. Sutula, S. M. Olenick, W. Zhang, R. J. Roby, Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc.

5:10 Adjourn.

5:15 Executive Committee Meeting.

Session C-2. Kinetics: Elementary Processes and Neat Fuels
Chair: D. L. Miller, Drexel University

2:30 36. "An Experimental and Computational Study of The Thermal Oxidation of C6H5NO by NO2," J. Park, Y. M. Choi, I. V. Dyakov, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

2:50 37. "Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydroxyl Radical Attack on Benzene," I. V. Tokmakov, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

3:10 Break.

3:30 38. "Experimental and Computational Studies of the Unimolecular Decomposition of Ethanol," J. Park, R. Chen, J. Chen, M. C. Lin, Emory University.

3:50 39. "Ethanol Pyrolysis Experiments In a Variable Pressure Flow Reactor," J. Li, A. Kazakov, F. L. Dryer, Princeton University.

4:10 40. "New Insights Into Fuel-Lean Ethylene Flames," M. E. Law, T. Carriere, P. R. Westmoreland, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

4:30 41. "Initial Stages of Heptane Decomposition," V. Babushok, W. Tsang, I. Awan, J. A. Manion, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

4:50 22. "A Theoretical Study of Binary Diffusion Coefficients of H-He and H-Ar at High Temperatures," B. Yang, H. Wang, University of Delaware.

5:10 Adjourn.

5:15 Executive Committee Meeting.

Tuesday, December 4, 2001 — Morning Sessions

8:30 AM — III. Invited Speaker: "Chemical Kinetic Database Requirements for Real Fuels," Wing Tsang, NIST.

Session A-3: Soot
Chair: R. Vander Wal, Natl. Center for Microgravity Research

9:30 43. "Soot Inception Temperature and the Carbonization Rate of Precursor Particles," R. A. Dobbins, Brown University.

9:50 44. "A Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Soot Formation in Laminar Premixed Ethylene Flames," B. Wyslouzil, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, K. Streletzky, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, B. Zhao, University of Delaware, H. Wang, University of Delaware.

10:10 Break.

10:30 45. "Soot Morphology in a Laminar Counter-flow Diffusion Flame Derived from RDG/PFA Technique," J. Xiao, W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University.

10:50 46. "Soot Reaction And Flame Structure Properties of Benzene/Acetylene/Nitrogen-Fueled Laminar Jet Diffusion Flames," A. M. El-Leathy, F. Xu, G. M. Faeth, University of Michigan.

11:10 47. "The Role of Soot Formation on Nonlinear Burning of Nonane Fuel Droplets in the Absence of Convection," J. H. Bae, C. T. Avedisian, Cornell University.

11:30 48. "The Role of Fragmentation in Defining the Signature Size Distribution of Diesel Soot," S. J. Harris, M. Matti Maricq, Ford Motor Company.

11:50 49. "Effect of Oxygenated Additive Molecular Structure on PAH Reduction: A Modeling Study," P. Nag, T. A. Litzinger, D. C. Haworth, Pennsylvania State University.

12:10 Adjourn.

Session B-3: Flame Systems: Modeling Methods and Simulations
Chair: B. A. Bennett, Yale University

9:30 50. "Two-Dimensional Modeling of Counterflow Non-Premixed Flames," R. C. Mowrey, Naval Research Laboratory, J. W. Fleming, Naval Research Laboratory, O. J. Ilegbusi, Northeastern University.

9:50 51. "Use of Higher-Order Methods for Modeling Laminar Diffusion Flames with Detailed Chemistry and Transport Properties," M. Noskov, M. D. Smooke, Yale University.

10:10 Break.

10:30 52. "Complete Solution of the Flat-Flame Equations in the Non-Adiabatic Case," T. Carriere, P. R. Westmoreland, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

10:50 53. "The Conditional Moment Closure Method For Premixed Turbulent Combustion," S. M. Martin, J. C. Kramlich, G. Kosaly, J. J. Riley, University of Washington.

11:10 54. "Numerical Simulation of a Liquid Fuel Droplet Laden Exothermic Reacting Mixing Layer," V. C. Khatumria, R. S. Miller, Clemson University.

11:30 55. "A Numerical Study of Turbulent Premixed Flame Interaction," H. G. Im, University of Michigan, J. H. Chen, Sandia National Laboratories.

11:50 56. "On Curved Hydrogen Diffusion Flames formed behind a Bluff Body," V. R. Katta, Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc., W. M. Roquemore, Wright-Patterson AFB.

12:10 Adjourn.

Session C-3: Kinetics: Neat Fuels, Real Fuels, and Modeling
Chair: E. R. Ritter, Villanova University

9:30 57. "NIST Computational Chemistry Comparison and Benchmark Database," R. D. Johnson III, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

9:50 58. "An Inexpert System for Discovering Chemical Reactions," K. K. Irikura, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

10:10 Break.

10:30 59. "The Lean Oxidation of Iso-Octane in the Low Temperature Regime," J. S. Chen, Pennsylvania State University, T. A. Litzinger, Pennsylvania State University, H. J. Curran, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology.

10:50 60. "Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Ethylene/Air Combustion in a Toroidal Jet-Stirred Combustor Using a Partially Stirred Reactor Model," C. A. Bass Jr., UTD Incorporated, R. B. Barat, New Institute of Technology.

11:10 61. "'Real' Kerosene Aviation and Rocket Fuels: Composition and Surrogates," T. Edwards, Wright-Patterson AFB.

11:30 62. "Predicting Preignition Reactivity of Real Fuels Using Skeletal Kinetic Models," J. Zheng, D. L. Miller, N. P. Cernansky, Drexel University.

11:50 63. "New Combustion Models with Practical Fuels - Summary of the Joint US-Italian Workshop on September 20, 2001," I. K. Puri, University of Illinois at Chicago.

12:10 Adjourn.

Tuesday, December 4, 2001 — Afternoon Sessions

1:30 PM — IV. Invited Speaker: "Premixed Turbulent Combustion: Flamelet Structure and Combustion Intensity," F.C. Gouldin, Cornell University.

Session A-4. Nanoparticles and Nanotubes
Chair: T. A. Litzinger, Penn State University

2:30 64. "Production of Coated Aluminum Nanopwders in Pulsed Microarc Discharge," A. Ermoline, Y. Shoshin, E. Dreizin, New Jersey Institute of Technology.

2:50 65. "Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Synthesis Within a Flame Environment," R. L. Vander Wal, L. J. Hall, G. M. Berger, NASA.

3:10 Break.

3:30 66. "Flame Synthesis of Tin Oxide Nanopowders: Laser-induced Fluorescence Measurements of Temperature and SnO," S. N. Bailey, N. G. Glumac, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

3:50 67. "Time-Resolved LII for Estimating Nano-particle Size Distributions in Atmospheric Pressure Flames: Recent Observations/Recommendations," D. E. Rosner, S. Jimenez, C. McEnally, L. Pfefferle, A. Schaffer, M. Long, Yale University.

4:10 68. "Plasma-Assisted Deposition of Nano-Structured Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Coatings From Liquid Precursors," A. Ozturk, B. Cetegen, University of Connecticut.

4:30 69. "Laser-Induced Incandescence Applied to Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanofibers," R. L. Vander Wal, National Center for Microgravity Research, G. M. Berger, National Center for Microgravity Research, P. D. Patel, National Center for Microgravity Research, T. M. Ticich, Centenary College.

4:50 70. "Formation of Carbon Nanotubes in Counter-Flow Diffusion Oxy-Flames without the Introduction of Catalysts," W. Merchan-Merchan, A. Saveliev, L. A. Kennedy, A. Fridman, University of Illinois at Chicago.

5:10 Adjourn.

Session B-4: Flame Systems: Experiments and Computations
Chair: R. S. Miller, Clemson University

2:30 71. "Experimental Study of Conserved Scalar Filtered Density Function and Its Transport Equation," C. Tong, D. Wang, Clemson University.

2:50 72. "Measurements and Computations of Scalar Dissipation Rate in Vortex Perturbed Counterflow Diffusion Flames," D. C. Kyritsis, V. S. Santoro, A. Gomez, Yale University.

3:10 Break.

3:30 73. "Interaction of a Lean Premixed Flame-Kernel and Laminar Vortex with Different Mixture Ratios," Y. Xiong, W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University.

3:50 74. "Validity of Flamelet Concepts in Turbulent Jet Flames - Deduced from PIV/CH-PLIF Images of Reaction Zones," J. F. Driscoll, University of Michigan, J. M. Donbar, Wright Patterson AFB, C. D. Carter, Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc., A. Ratner, Calif. Institute of Technology.

4:10 75. "Unsteady Axisymmetric Laminar Diffusion Flames: An Application of Local Rectangular Refinement," B. V. Bennett, M. D. Smooke, Yale University.

4:30 76. "The Frequency Response of a Propane-Air Counter-Flow Diffusion Flame Subjected to a Transient Flow Field," E. J. Welle, and W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University, C. D. Carter, Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc., J. M. Donbar, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.

4:50 77. "Flame/Stretch Interactions of Suppressed Hydrogen-Fueled Laminar Premixed Flames," C. H. Kim, O. C. Kwon, G. M. Faeth, University of Michigan.

5:10 78. "The Transient Response of a Low-Stretch Solid-Fuel Diffusion Flame to a Sudden Change in Gravity," J. B. Armstrong, Case Western Reserve University, S. L. Olson, NASA Glenn Research Center, J. S. T'ien, Case Western

5:30 Adjourn.

Session C-4: Ignition and Stability
Chair: M. Lavid, Energia

2:30 79. "An Experimental Study of the Laser-Induced Spark Evolution and Ignition," P. X. Tran, F. White, C.M. White, US Department of Energy.

2:50 80. "Energy Balance in a Laser Breakdown Spark and Its Relation to Combustion Ignition," D. H. McNeill, National Energy Technology Laboratory.

3:10 Break.

3:30 81. "Ignition of an Isolated N-Heptane Droplet: a Numerical Study Utilizing Complex NTC Chemistry," B. D. Urban, A. Kazakov, F. L. Dryer, Princeton University.

3:50 82. "Rate-Controlled Constrained-Equilibrium Calculations of Formaldehyde-Oxygen Induction Times," Y. Gao, Northeastern University, H. Metaghalchi, Northeastern University, J. C. Keck, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

4:10 83. "Further Studies on Lean Stability of Premixed CH4/H2 Flames," R. Sai, J. Plaia, G. S. Jackson, K. T. Kiger, University of Maryland.

4:30 84. "Combustion Instability Studies in a High-Pressure Lean-Premixed Model Combustor Under Liquid Fuel Operation," C. Mordaunt, C. Brossard, S. Y. Lee, S. Saretto, R. J. Santoro, Pennsylvania State University.

4:50 85. "Formation/Flammability of Jet A Aerosol in Aircraft Fuel Tanks," D. Koert, Wichita State University; K. Loss, and N. Reynolds, Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

4:50 Adjourn.

5:30 General Business Meeting

Wednesday, December 5, 2001 — Morning Sessions

8:30 AM — V. Invited Speaker: "Microscale Combustion: Issues and Opportunities," Carlos Fernandez-Pello, University of California, Berkeley. Eastern States Section, Combustion Institute

Session A-5: Micro and Meso Scale Combustion
Chair: P. X. Tran, U.S. Department of Energy

9:30 86. "Development of a Microreactor as a Thermal Source for MEMS Power Generation," D. L. Milius, J. S. Vartuli, I. A. Aksay, B. F. Gajdeczko, J. Vican, F. L. Dryer, R. A. Yetter, Princeton University.

9:50 87. "Development of a Liquid Propellant Microthruster for Small Spacecraft," R. A. Yetter, Pennsylvania State University, V. Yang, Pennsylvania State University, D. L. Milius, Princeton University, I. A. Aksay, Princeton University, F. L. Dryer, Princeton University.

10:10 Break.

10:30 88. "Mesoscale Combustor for Power Generation: Design Criteria and Preliminary Results," A. Gomez, Yale University, D. C. Kyritsis, Yale University, I. G. Arias, Yale University, S. Roychoudhury, Precision Combustion Inc.

10:50 89. "Micro-Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Combustion: Investigations Employing Detailed Chemical Kinetic Modeling and Experiments," H. T. Aichlmayr, D. B. Kittlelson, M. R. Zachariah, University of Minnesota.

11:10 90. "Analysis of Miniature Liquid-Film Combustor," W. A. Sirignano, University of California, Irvine.

11:30 Adjourn.

Session B-5: Flame Systems: Structure and Properties
Chair: W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University

9:30 92. "Structures and Heat Transfer of a Pair of Premixed Butane/Air Flame Jets Impinging on a Flat Plate," L. L. Dong, C. W. Leung, C. S. Cheung, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

9:50 93. "Flame Propagation in Narrow Channels: Effects of Heat Loss and Differential Diffusion," C. Cui, M. Matalon, Northwestern University.

10:10 Break.

10:30 94. "A Modified Theory of Laminar Boundary Layer Flow By Natural Convection on a Vertical Hot Plate," S. H. Sohrab, Northwestern University.

10:50 95. "Effect of Modulation on the Fuel Transfer Function of a Liquid Jet in a Crossflow," J. Stenzler, J. G. Lee, D. A. Santavicca, Pennsylvania State University.

11:10 96. "Radiation Intensity Profiles of Premixed Flames of Polydisperse Metal - Air Aerosol," Y Shoshin, E. Dreizin, New Jersey Institute of Technology.

11:30 97. "Burning Velocity for Spherical Flames in Cylindrical and Spherical Chambers," F. Rahim, M. Metghalchi, Northeastern University.

11:50 98. "Laminar Flame Speed Study of DME/Air Mixtures Using Particle Image Velocimetry," Z. Zhao, A. Kazakov, F. L. Dryer, Princeton University.

12:10 Adjourn.

Session C-5: Diagnostics
Chair: S. Buckley, University of Maryland

9:30 99. "Triple-Pump Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering For Simultaneous Temperature and Concentration Measurements," V. V. Natarajan, S. Roy, and R. P. Lucht, Texas A&M University, M. S. Brown, Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc., J. R. Gord, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.

9:50 100. "OH*, CH* and C2* Chemiluminescence Measurements in Bluff-Body-Stabilized Premixed Flames Utilizing Gaseous and Prevaporized Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels," J. S. Cowart, A. Ata, B. M. Cetegen, University of Connecticut.

10:10 Break.

10:30 101. "Cavity Enhanced Magneto-optic Rotation: A Sensitive and Selective Technique for Detection of Paramagnetic Species," M. Emig, D. L. Miller, R. I. Billmers, N. P. Cernansky, K. G. Owens, Drexel University.

10:50 102. "Rapid IR Absorption Tomography for Combustion Studies," F. C. Gouldin, M. MacDonald, J. Edwards, Cornell University.

11:10 103. "Characterization of Mixing and Combustion Processes in a Rocket-Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) Flow Field Using Raman Spectroscopy," J. M. Cramer, M. U. Greene, S. Pal, R. J. Santoro, Pennsylvania State University.

11:30 104. "Investigation of Low-Pressure Diamond-Forming Flames Using Hydrogen CARS Temperature Measurements," S. Roy, Texas A&M University, W. D. Kulatilaka, Texas A&M University, R. P. Lucht, Texas A&M University, N. G. Glumac, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

11:50 105. "Species Measurements In a Flickering Air-Diluted, Non-Premixed Natural Gas Flame By Extractive Sampling of Flame Gases and FT-IR Analysis," E. Wilson, J. H. Miller, The George Washington University.

12:10 Adjourn.