ESCI Fall Technical Meeting
October 27-29, 1997
Final Program

Schedule for: | Mon. am | Mon. pm | Tues. am | Tues. pm | Wed. am |

MONDAY, OCTOBER 27 - 8:00 am - Welcoming remarks

8:10 am   A. Invited Speaker - "Solid-State Processes in the Flaming Combustion of Polymers," R. E. Lyon, FAA Technical Center

Time Session A-1
Soot
Chair: J. B. Howard, MIT
Session B-1
Fire Suppression and Inhibitors
Chair: W. M. Pitts, NIST
Session C-1
Turbulent Combustion
Chair: W. D. Proscia, United Technologies Research Center
9:00 am 1. "Soot Primary Particle Size Determination via LII?," R. L. Vander Wal, NASA-Lewis Research Center, T. M. Ticich and A. B. Stephens, Centenary College of Louisiana 35. "The Contributions of Various Mechanisms in Water Mist Suppression of a Small Diffusion Flame," C. C. Ndubizu, R. Ananth, P. A. Tatem, Naval Research Laboratory, and V. Motevalli, The George Washington University 69. "Correlation of Flame Speed with Stretch in Turbulent Methane/Air Flames," J. H. Chen and H. G. Im, Sandia National Laboratories
9:20 am 2. "Comparative Measurements of Soot Particles by Laser-Induced Incandescence in Premixed and Diffusion Flames," K. R. McManus, W. T. Rawlins, and M. G. Allen, Physical Sciences Inc. 36. "Numerical Modeling of Water Mist Suppression of Methane-Air Diffusion Flame," K. Prasad, C. Li, K. Kailasanath, C. Ndubizu, R. Ananth, and P. A. Tatem, Naval Research Laboratory 70. "Experimental Determination of the Burning Rate in Turbulent Premixed V-Flames using Simultaneous Velocity and Temperature Measurements," C. Ghenai, F. C. Gouldin, Cornell University, and I. Gökalp, Laboratoire de Combustion et Systemes Reactifs, CNRS Orleans
9:40 am 3. "Imaging Studies of Soot Formation in Turbulent Ethylene Jet Flames," S.-Y. Lee and R. J. Santoro, The Pennsylvania State University 37. "Physical, Thermal and Chemical Effects of Fine-Water Droplets in Extinguishing Counterflow Diffusion Flames," A. M. Lentati and H. K. Chelliah, University of Virginia 71. "Simultaneous CH Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Particle Imaging Velocimetry in Permanently Blue Nonpremixed Turbulent Jet Flames," J. M. Donbar, J. F. Driscoll, University of Michigan, and C. D. Carter, Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.
10:00 am Break Break Break
10:20 am 4. "Particle Sampling From a Deuterated Ethene (C2D4) Flame," R. A. Fletcher, NIST, R. A. Dobbins, Brown University, and H.-C. Chang, Saint-Gobain/Norton Industrial Ceramics Corp. 38. "Relative Flame Inhibition Effectiveness of Metallic Compounds," V. Babushok and W. Tsang, NIST 72. "Temperature and Unmixed Fuel Measurements in Turbulent Jet Flames by Using Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy," S.-Y. Lee, S. Pal, and R. J. Santoro, The Pennsylvania State University
10:40 am 5. "Analysis of Soot Particle Inception in a C2H4/Air, Coannular, Laminar Diffusion Flame," D. C. Rapp, U.S. Military Academy, and R. J. Santoro, The Pennsylvania State University 39. "Behavior of Bicarbonate Powders in Counterflow Diffusion Flames," M. D. Reed, B. A. Williams, R. S. Sheinson, and J. W. Fleming, Naval Research Laboratory 73. "Cold-Flow Simulations of a Bluff-Body Flame Stabilizer: Large Eddy Simulation and RANS Models," R. O. S. Prasad, J. P. Gore, Purdue University, and S.-E. Kim, Fluent, Inc.
11:00 am 6. "Interpretations of a Computational Study of Soot Formation in a Coflow, Laminar Diffusion Flame," M. D. Smooke, Yale University, R. J. Hall and M. B. Colket, United Technologies Research Center 40. "A Novel Method for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Low Volatility Flame Inhibitors with an Opposed-Jet Burner," T. M. Jayaweera, M. A. MacDonald, E. M. Fisher, and F. C. Gouldin, Cornell University 74. "Bluff-Body Stabilization Effects in Supersonic Turbulent Combustion," C. J. Roy and J. R. Edwards, North Carolina State University
11:20 am 7. "Electrocatalytic Control of Exhaust Soot," V. L. Callahan, R. B. Barat, NJIT, and J. G. Stevens, Montclair State University 41. "Inhibited Counterflow Non-Premixed Flames with Variable Stoichiometric Mixture Fractions," M. A. MacDonald, T. M. Jayaweera, E. M. Fisher, and F. C. Gouldin, Cornell University 75. "Summary of GH2/GO2Raman Spectroscopy Experiments for a Shear Coaxial Injector," M. Lehman, S. Pal, and R. J. Santoro, The Pennsylvania State University
11:40 am Adjourn session Adjourn session Adjourn session

MONDAY, OCTOBER 27 - 1:30 pm
B. Invited Speaker - "The Complex Kinetics of Carbon Burnout," R. H. Hurt, Brown University

Time Session A-2
Hydrocarbon Chemistries
Chair: H. Wang, University of Delaware
Session B-2
Solids Combustion: Chemistry and Morphology
Chair: R. H. Hurt, Brown University
Session C-2
Flame Structure and Strain
Chair: A. J. Marchese, Rowan University
2:30 pm 8. "Comparison of Measured and Computed Concentration of Ground and Excited-State CH in an Axisymmetric Laminar Diffusion Flame," K. T. Walsh, M. B. Long, M. A. Tanoff, and M. D. Smooke, Yale University 42. "Modeling Biomass Pyrolysis in Combustion," Y. Chen, S. Charpenay, M. A. Serio, M. A. Wojtowicz, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., and A. Jensen, Technical University of Denmark 76. "Observations of Tribrachial Flames Produced in a Counterflow," P. Papas and A. Tomboulides, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Switzerland)
2:50 pm 9. "Concentrations of C3 to C14 Hydrocarbons in Co-Flowing Flames of Methane, Ethane, Ethylene, Propane, and n-Butane," C. S. McEnally and L. D. Pfefferle, Yale University 43. "The Prediction of Carbon Conversion Efficiency in Pulverized Coal Combustion," J.-K. Sun and R. H. Hurt, Brown University 77. "Triple Flames in Counterflow," M. A. Tanoff, M. D. Smooke, Yale University, D. A. Greenhalgh and R. D. Lockett, Cranfield University (United Kingdom)
3:10 pm 10. "Fullerenes and PAH in Low-Pressure Premixed Benzene/Oxygen Flames," W. J. Grieco, A. L. Lafleur, H. Richter, K. Taghizadeh, J. B. Howard, MIT, and K. C. Swallow, Merrimack College 44. "Numerical Modelling of Quasi-Steady Combustion of Porous Graphite Particles," A. R. Kasimov and H. K. Chelliah, University of Virginia 78. "Measured Local Propagation Velocities of Wrinkled Premixed Flames," J. O. Sinibaldi, C. J. Mueller, J. F. Driscoll, University of Michigan, D. L. Reuss and M. C. Drake, General Motors Research and Development
3:30 pm Break Break Break
3:50 pm 11. "Modeling of PAH and Fullerene Formation in Premixed Benzene Flames," H. Richter, W. J. Grieco, and J. B. Howard, MIT 45. "The Role of Porosity and Surface Area in Carbon Combustion and Gasification," I. Aarna and E. M. Suuberg, Brown University 79. "Generalized State Relationships of Laminar, Permanently Blue, Opposed-Jet Hydrocarbon-Fueled Diffusion Flames," K.-C. Lin and G. M. Faeth, The University of Michigan
4:10 pm 12. "Atmospheric Pyrolysis and Oxidation Studies of Decalin," S. Zeppieri, K. Brezinsky, and I. Glassman, Princeton University 46. "Lamellar Carbon Structure Evolution in Combustion by Quantitative Digital Analysis of HRTEM Fringe Images," H.-S. Shim, R. H. Hurt, Brown University, and N. Y. C. Yang, Sandia National Laboratories 80. "Laser-Induced Fluorescence Measurements of Temperature in a Counterflow Diffusion Flame," D. A. Santoianni, W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University, and C. A. Cataldo, IBM Corp.
4:30 pm 13. "Pressure and Temperature Effects on Supercritical Decalin Pyrolysis," J. Stewart, K. Brezinsky, and I. Glassman, Princeton University 47. "Chemical Aspects of Auto-Oscillations in Solid State Combustion," O. E. Kashireninov and I. A. Yuranov, Institute of Structural Macrokinetics (Russia)
81. "Determination of the Strain in Counterflow Diffusion Flames from Flow Conditions," E. M. Fisher, B. A. Williams, and J. W. Fleming, Naval Research Laboratory
4:50 pm Adjourn session Adjourn session 82. "Structure and Evolution of the Stabilization Point of a Lifted Reacting Jet," B. Milne, K. Devine, S. Kempka, and H. N. Najm, Sandia National Laboratories
5:10 pm     Adjourn session

6:00 pm - Reception

7:30 pm - Executive Committee Meeting


TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28 - 8:00 am
C. Invited Speaker - "Complete Basis Set Reaction Rates," G. A. Petersson, Wesleyan University

Time Session A-3
Kinetics and Thermochemistry
Chair: J. W. Fleming
Session B-3
Ignition and Extinction
Chair: S. Hochgreb, MIT
Session C-3
Droplets and Particles
Chair: J. J. Helble, University of Connecticut
9:00 am 14. "C2H4 + H and C2H4 + OH Chemistry Measured in Laminar, Premixed Flat Flames," A. Bhargava and P. R. Westmoreland, University of Massachusetts Amherst 48. "Methane/Air Instabilities Driven by Chain-Branching and Thermal Feedback: The Premixed Nature of Ignition," Y. K. Park and D. G. Vlachos, University of Massachusetts Amherst 83. "A Study of a Turbulent Spray Flame. Part I: Experimental Results," A. N. Karpetis and A. Gomez, Yale University
9:20 am 15. "Kinetic Stability of 1,1,1 Trifluoroethane," W. Tsang, NIST, and A. Lifshitz, The Hebrew University (Jerusalem) 49. "A Multiparameter Investigation of Oscillatory Ignition in the Air Oxidation of Hydrogen in a Continuous-Flow Stirred Tank Reactor," R. J. Olsen, Vassar College, and D. G. Vlachos, University of Massachusetts Amherst 84. "A Study of a Turbulent Spray Flame. Part II: Momentum Scaling and Implications," A. N. Karpetis and A. Gomez, Yale University
9:40 am 16. "Experimental Study on 2H-Heptafluoropropane Pyrolysis," E. Ritter, Villanova University 50. "Intermittent Ignition of Low Concentration Hydrogen in Turbulent Counterflow," J. D. Blouch, C. J. Sung, C. G. Fotache, and C. K. Law, Princeton University 85. "Measurements of Droplet Size in the Near Field of a Droplet-Laden Jet using MDR Spectroscopy," P. J. Santangelo, D. Flowers, and I. M. Kennedy, UC Davis
10:00 am Break Break Break
10:20 am 17. "Chemical Activation Reactions at High Temperatures," V. Mokrushin, W. Tsang, and M. R. Zachariah, NIST 51. "Ignition of CO/H2 versus Heated Air in Counterflow: An Experimental and Numerical Modeling Study," C. G. Fotache, Y. Tan, and C. K. Law, Princeton University 86. "The Behavior of Chromium in a Laminar Diffusion Flame," S. Yu, Y. Yoon, Y. Zhang, and I. M. Kennedy, UC Davis
10:40 am 18. "SECI, a Semi-Empirical Method for Calculating the Temperature Dependence of Metal Species Combustion Reactions," A. S. Blue and A. Fontijn, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 52. "Piloted Ignition of a Slick of Oil on Water," N. Wu and J. L. Torero, University of Maryland 87. "Fractal Analysis of Combustion-Generated Inorganic Ash Aerosols," B. B. Liu and J. J. Helble, University of Connecticut
11:00 am 19. "A Computational Study on the Thermochemistry of Cyclopentadiene Derivatives," H. Wang, University of Delaware 53. "Ignition Times for Thermally Thick and Intermediate Conditions in Flat and Cylindrical Geometries," M. Delichatsios, Renewable Resources Associates 88. "On Particle Dispersion in Shear Flows of Variable Density and Viscosity," M. C. Soteriou and X. Yang, University of Connecticut
11:20 am 20. "Estimation of the Thermodynamic Properties of CHO Species," H. He, H. Metghalchi, Northeastern University, and J. C. Keck, MIT 54. "Extinction of Inwardly-Propagating Spherical Flames," C. J. Sun and C. K. Law, Princeton University Adjourn session
11:40 am Adjourn session Adjourn session  

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28 - 1:30 pm
D. Invited Speaker - "Recent Progress in Low-Emissions Gas Turbine Combustors, Design Process and Tools," H. C. Mongia, General Electric

Time Session A-4
Combustion Modeling
Chair: D. G. Vlachos, University of Massachusetts
Session B-4
Combustion Applications
Chair: W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University
Session C-4
Unsteady-State Phenomena
Chair: E. M. Fisher, Cornell University
2:30 pm 21. "Local Rectangular Refinement with Application to Axisymmetric Laminar Diffusion Flames," B. A. V. Bennett and M. D. Smooke, Yale University 55. "Description of a Combustion Flame for the Production of Silicon Carbide," H. F. Calcote and D. G. Keil, AeroChem Research Laboratory 89. "Self-Sustained Oscillations in Distributed Flames Modeled with Detailed Chemistry," P.-A. Bui, D. G. Vlachos, and P. R. Westmoreland, University of Massachusetts Amherst
2:50 pm 22. "Effect of Equivalence Ratio on Premixed Flame Response to Unsteady Strain-Rate and Curvature," H. N. Najm, P. S. Wyckoff, Sandia National Laboratories, and O. M. Knio, Johns Hopkins University 56. "An Optical and Parametric Study of Unstable Combustion," K. K. Venkataraman, D. W. Simons, L. H. Preston, J. G. Lee, D. A. Santavicca, The Pennsylvania State University, and B. J. Lee, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science 90. "Pulsating Instability and Flammability Limits of One-Dimensional Planar Flames with One-Step Chemistry and Constant Properties," E. W. Christiansen, C. J. Sung, C. J. Sun, and C. K. Law, Princeton University
3:10 pm 23. "Piloted CH4 Flames --- Comparison of PDF Calculations with Experiments," V. Saxena and S. B. Pope, Cornell University
57. "Recent Experimental Results in High-Pressure Gas Turbine Combustion Instabilities," J. C. Broda, S. Seo, S. Pal, and R. J. Santoro, The Pennsylvania State University 91. "A Premixed Flame in Oscillating Stagnation-Point Flow: Hydrodynamic Effects," Z. Huang, J. K. Bechtold, NJIT, and M. Matalon, Northwestern University
3:30 pm Break Break Break
3:50 pm 24. "Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Post Flame Oxidation of Unburned Hydrocarbons," K. Wu and S. Hochgreb, MIT 58. "The Combustion Efficiency of Supersonic Hydrogen-Air Flames," A. Ratner and J. F. Driscoll, University of Michigan 92. "Length of Fully Modulated Diffusion Flames," J. C. Hermanson, R. Dugnani, and H. Jahari, WPI
4:10 pm 25. "Laminar Flame Speeds and Oxidation Kinetics of Tetrachloromethane," J. C. Leylegian, H. Wang, and C. K. Law, Princeton University 59. "Experimental Investigation of LOX/GH2 Rocket Combustion," S. Yeralan, S. Pal, and R. J. Santoro, The Pennsylvania State University 93. "Unsteady Velocity Measurements in a Counterflow Diffusion Flame using Laser Doppler Velocimetry," M. E. DeCroix, W. L. Roberts, and R. D. Gould, North Carolina State University
4:30 pm 26. "Effects of Third-Body Collision Efficiencies on Burning Velocities of Hydrogen/Air Flames," K. T. Aung, Georgia Institute of Technology 60. "Modeling of Ammonium Perchlorate Diffusion Flames," N. Ilincic, M. D. Smooke, Yale University, R. A. Yetter, Princeton University, T. Parr and D. Hanson-Parr, Naval Air Warfare Center 94. "Suppression of Corner Vortex in a Rapid Compression Machine," D. Lee and S. Hochgreb, MIT
4:50 pm 27. "Two-Dimensional Detailed Chemistry Simulations in Catalytic Monoliths for Methane Combustion," D. G. Vlachos, University of Massachusetts Amherst 61. "A Plasma Torch Reactor for Shipboard Destruction of Navy Solid Waste," S. H. Peterson, D. A. Counts, R. V. Richard, Geo-Centers, Inc., B. D. Sartwell, Naval Research Laboratory, and Q. Han, University of Minnesota Adjourn session
5:10 pm Adjourn session Adjourn session  

5:30 pm - General Business Meeting (All members are invited.)

6:00 pm - Banquet


WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 29 - 8:00 am
E. Invited Speaker - "Burning To Go: Combustion on Orbit and Mars," H. D. Ross, NASA Lewis Research Center

Time Session A-5
Diagnostics Development and Applications
Chair: C. S. McEnally, Yale University
Session B-5
Pollutants
Chair: M. A. Tanoff, Yale University
Session C-5
Buoyancy Phenomena
Chair: H. D. Ross, NASA
9:00 am 28. "Calibration of Laser-Induced Incandescence in a Counterflow Diffusion Flame," M. E. DeCroix and W. L. Roberts, North Carolina State University 62. "Experimental Investigation of NO Formation in Rich Premixed Bunsen Flames," A. V. Mokhov and H. B. Levinsky, N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie (The Netherlands) 95. "Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Microgravity n-Alkane Droplet Flames," A. J. Marchese, Rowan University, and F. L. Dryer, Princeton University
9:20 am 29. "High-Temperature Infrared Emission Spectra and Absolute Intensities of H2O(2)," W. T. Rawlins, M. F. Miller, M. G. Allen, Physical Sciences Inc., and T. E. Parker, The Colorado School of Mines 63. "NOx Formation and Destruction near Inert and Catalytic Surfaces," D. G. Vlachos, P. Aghalayam, and M. H. Zullo, University of Massachusetts Amherst 96. "Numerical Simulations of Premixed Methane-Air Flame-Vortex Interactions in Microgravity," G. Patnaik and K. Kailasanath, Naval Research Laboratory
9:40 am 30. "An Intelligent Fire-Detection System Using Advanced Infrared Diagnostics and Neural Network Techniques," Y. Chen, S. Sathyamoorthy, and M. A. Serio, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc. 64. "Thermal Reduction of NO2 by H2: FTIR Spectrometric Measurement with Comprehensive Kinetic Modeling," J. Park, N. D. Giles, and M. C. Lin, Emory University 97. "Flame-Ball Drift," J. Buckmaster, University of Illinois Champaign-Urbana, and P. Ronney, University of Southern California
10:00 am Break Break Break
10:20 am 31. "Crossed-Plane Laser Tomography: Direct Measurement of Flamelet Normal and Surface Density," D. C. Bingham, F. C. Gouldin, and D. A. Knaus, Cornell University 65. "Numerical Study of the Influence of Temporal Fuel/Air Unmixedness on NOx Emissions in Lean Premixed Catalytically Stabilized Combustion," A. L. Boehman, The Pennsylvania State University, A. Schlegel and R. W. Dibble, University of California Berkeley 98. "Experiments on the Instability of Planar Buoyant Plumes of Helium and Helium/Air Mixtures," Y. Dong and B. M. Cetegen, University of Connecticut
10:40 am 32. "Three-Scalar Techniques for Mixture Fraction Imaging in Turbulent Nonpremixed Methane Flames," A. M. Schaffer, J. Fielding, and M. B. Long, Yale University 66. "On the Combustion/Emissions of Tire-Derived Fuel and Pulverized Coal," A. Atal and Y. A. Levendis, Northeastern University 99. "Simulation of the Unsteady Behavior of Planar Buoyant Plumes," M. C. Soteriou, Y. Dong, and B. M. Cetegen, University of Connecticut
11:00 am 33. "Mixture Fraction Measurements in Time-Varying Diffusion Flames Using Tunable-Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy," R. R. Skaggs and J. H. Miller, The George Washington University 67. "A Comparison of Carbon Monoxide Emissions from Butane, Propane, and Dimethyl Ether Flames," C. A. Frye and A. L. Boehman, The Pennsylvania State University Adjourn session
11:20 am 34. "Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopic (TDLAS) Measurements of Formaldehyde in a Laminar Methane/Air Diffusion Flame," M. P. Tolocka and J. H. Miller, The George Washington University
68. "Characterization of Sodium in a Partially Premixed Laminar Methane/Air Flame," A. M. Flynn, D. Apostolou, and R. B. Barat, NJIT  
11:40 am Adjourn meeting Adjourn meeting Adjourn meeting

Last update: September 18, 1997.